When it comes to the truth about radiation and health effects, there are no experts who are honest - not in government, not in science, not anywhere. Yet, people would rather listen to liars than challenge their assumptions about the sources of the so-called truth and disregard the purveyors of actual truth on this topic: the non-creditialed self-taught. - Andrew Kishner, May 18, 2013
You are reading from a free online e-book titled 'Deception, Cover-up and Murder in the Nuclear Age.' The book discusses the Trinity test, Hiroshima and Nagasaki, hydrogen bomb testing fallout, U.S. experiments done on Marshall Islanders (Project 4.1), the Irene Allen trial, Cosmos 954, the Fukushima meltdowns, Three Mile Island updates, and so much more. Visit the Table of Contents to find this free content.
Footnotes are located at the end of each chapter - press the (right facing) 'PAGE' button icon until you reach the footnotes page, or locate it via the table of contents
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|Appendix 16 - Fukushima and environmental monitoring|
'When Elevated Radioactivity Levels are Detected or Anticipated' is the title of a subsection of a 2005 EPA draft document that discusses protocol relating to fixed EPA RADNET air monitoring stations. It reads:
'If the near-real-time gamma ROI or gross beta count rate data are higher than expected or increase suddenly, NAREL staff will remotely connect with one or more monitoring stations to initiate transfer of the full gamma spectrum file, then perform a quantitative gamma spectrometric analysis to determine the isotopic concentration in air... Upload and analysis of the gamma spectra files may also be done without waiting for detection of unusual readings, based on other indications that a radiological incident has occurred or is anticipated. Depending on circumstances, NAREL may also perform any or all of the following laboratory analyses on individual air filters:
high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry (high-purity germanium)
Pu-238 and Pu-239 (alpha-particle spectrometry)
U-234, U-235, U-238 (alpha-particle spectrometry)
Am-241 (alpha-particle spectrometry)
Th-227, Th-228, Th-230, Th-232 (alpha-particle spectrometry)
Sr-89 and Sr-90 (gas proportional counting)...'
Of the items on this list of laboratory analyses that the EPA *may* perform depending on circumstances, the EPA has only moved forward on the first one. The EPA has not conducted the second analysis - alpha spectroscopy for plutonium-239 in air. Apparently, the EPA believes that plutonium from Japan's reactor accident somehow disappeared from the Earth and only gamma-emitting radioactive solids (radioiodines, radiocesiums and radiotelluriums) have arrived in U.S. air masses.
EPA has also not conducted the sixth analysis on the list. Strontium-89 and -90 are pure beta-emitting radioisotopes that are lighter than cesium-137. Assuming also that these radiostrontiums do not mysteriously vanish with plutonium from the Earth, because they are relatively light in weight they are likely to be carried across the Pacific Ocean in greater quantities than radioiodines and radiocesiums. If radiostroniums are present in U.S. air, we don't know about it because the EPA has chosen to not test for it.
The EPA has placed no priority on performing a full suite of laboratory analyses on the air that is affecting Americans - and also our friends in U.S. territories. There is no excuse for this. The first detected levels of non-gaseous fission products from the plumes from Fukushima were found on filters removed from RADNET stations on March 18 and it appears that if the EPA wanted to run all analyses on the above list on those filters we would have that data by now: 'Turnaround times for alpha-particle spectrometry, and liquid scintillation counting may be as short as one or two days in an emergency. Strontium-90 analysis requires more time, because a delay of several days is needed to allow the decay product Y-90 to build up before counting begins.' [p.71]
Radiostrontiums and plutonium isotopes are very poisonous substances and pose greater long-term health dangers than cesium-137. Strontium-89, a pure beta emitter, is likely be present in dairy products in Japan and the U.S. If the EPA has already conducted the various analyses mentioned, why don't they make this data available? Are they withholding this data?
It should also be noted that the EPA made the decision to not upgrade its RADNET air monitoring network to include onsite-spectroscopy for analysis of alpha and beta radiation or continuous alpha and beta spectrometry. We are paying for that poor decision right now. This capability, which is in use by the CTBTO, means that monitoring stations can run the isotope analyses (1-6) remotely and relatively quickly.
The 2005 EPA draft document also discusses mobile air monitoring units in the section '5.1.2 Deployable Monitoring Stations,' which states:
'In general, these monitors are only expected to be deployed in response to a radiological incident or emergency. However, they may occasionally be pre-deployed to provide monitoring capability at a location where there is no operable fixed monitoring station.'
Note that the country of Belgium can drive through the gaps in RADNET monitors in southern Oregon. There is no fixed monitoring station in southern Oregon. In addition, over the past few days, there has been no operable beta counter in Hawaii. Also, only the inoperable fixed RADNET stations, to our knowledge, in California have been 'replaced' with deployables by EPA - the deployables in California are only being used to stand in place for malfunctioning equipment.
The EPA regards deployable monitors as a reliable means to 'develop [a] local or regional impact picture' during an 'incident' - these mobile units would be pre-deployed to areas perceived to have 'increased threat potential.' The EPA clearly thinks that the U.S. West Coast, therefore, has zero increased threat potential. No deployable monitors have been sent to Washington, Oregon or California, yet our analysis below suggests that California milk supplies may now be slightly tainted with radioactive iodines and strontiums in some areas. Ironically, the mobile units are fitted with better capability to represent the iodine-131 threat in air. These deployables are equipped with carbon air filters, which trap radioactive iodine-131 in its gaseous form - at present, the EPA is only representing American's iodine-131 levels in air based on lab analyses of paper filters - at its fixed stations - that only capture air-deposited liquid radioiodine. The EPA is not even competent at painting the full picture for Iodine-131 in U.S. air.
The EPA is doing very little to help officials at all levels of government and media understand the complexity of the radiological dangers posed by the Fukushima releases to Americans. The 'picture' is complex. For example, the EPA has in its possession noble gas monitoring equipment, but it is not using them. Radioactive noble gases, such as xenon-133 or krypton-85, pose health threats at some level but the American people will never know if they have reached that level. The EPA bases its judgments about these things on models which are based on data, and the data either stinks or doesn't exist.
The EPA has also failed to use equipment in its possession to determine levels of Carbon-14 in air. For thousands of years Fukushima-originated Carbon-14, and radioactive carbon dioxide, will permeate our biosphere. Don't we want to know more about this now, when the levels are at the maximum?
The EPA is also ignoring the threat from rainouts. Rainouts, as many scientists would expect, may worsen the bioaccumulation factor of iodine-131 and radiostrontiums in foodstuffs, especially milk. The EPA's predecessor, the Public Health Service, tested for strontium-89 and strontium-90 and iodine-131 in milk when it was asked to and even when it wasn't asked to do these analyses. The EPA needs to do its job and test all environmental 'media' for alpha, beta and gamma contaminants.
Time to get angry
As unknown quanitities of largely unknown radioactive substances migrate across North America from the Fukushima releases, the EPA is responding by dragging its feet, downplaying radiation risks, obfuscating beta and alpha particle concerns, and demonstrating utter lack of concern for public health. The EPA is pretending that the contaminated air masses from Japan will simply blow right past the U.S. and will not harm a thing or incorporate into a single life form. The fact of the matter is the EPA is alone and sleeping in the air traffic control tower of America's environment. This is our only environment and our environment is inextricably bound to our livelihoods and our lifestyles. When we are left to fly blindly, we are a nation in crisis. As we learn to resourcefully navigate our way without the help of our missing-in-action environmental agency, we must realize that the power loaned to the government was loaned by us, and we have the tools to heal or amputate the diseased institutions of our elected democracy.
Read the EPA 2005 Draft document here: "Expansion and Upgrade of the RadNet Air Monitoring Network", Vol. 1 & Vol. 2
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